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Barunka´s School

The Area of Barunka´s School 
Barunka´s SchoolThe first written mention of the school comes back to the year 1407 and it was learnt there till the end of the year 1864. In the year 1919 the bronze memorial plaque by the sculptor Quido Kocián called “The tribute of children to Božena Němcová” was placed on the fragment of wooden building. The present site was created according to the design of the architect Vladimír Labský in the years 1972 – 1981. Besides the old school classroom from the 19th century with period school instruments we can find the teacher´s room here and the exposition dedicated to the history of the town Česká Skalice. The next full-range exposition, which is the part of the area, with weapons and uniforms, maps of battles commemorates the Austro-Prussian War. In the ambits of atrium you can see the pleasing ceramic decoration by the artist Jiří Škopek. The old wooden school comes back to life yearly in May and June by the figures from that period when Barunka Panklová visited the school in the years 1826-1833. You can meet the teacher, Barunka and her siblings and classmates performed by the children from the Česká Skalice folklore ensemble Barunka. You can take part in school lessons, including the music and Czech language lessons and also the children´s summer games, dances and songs. You can buy picture post cards, guides, maps and small souvenirs at the ticket-office.

Opposite of the old wooden school is the house No. 8. There Fratišek Smetana, father of the Czech significant composer Bedřich Smetana, used to live in the years 1807-1808 when he was a brewer at former brewery in the square. Young promising musician Bedřich Smetana came to Česká Skalice, too. In his fifteenth by the visit of his relatives in Nové Měto nad Metují fell in love with her cousin Luise, one year older. He took part with his parents and relatives in “Česká Skalice Dahlia Festivities” in the year 1839. After that visit he composed his famous “Dahlia polka” and  “Luisa polka” was dedicated to his cousin.

There is a branch from Božena Němcová Street to Podskalní Street. In this quarter the part of historical town house-building from the 18th century is situated. Since the houses were built near the river Úpa they were often damaged by floods and overflows. There is a scale line on one house showing water level during the flood in the year 1897. Today power of the river is partly “confined” by the water reservoir Rozkoš.